Mitigation is deciding on which actions to take before, during, and after the next disaster — to reduce human and financial consequences later by analyzing, reducing, and insuring against risk. The following actions are some important recommendations that you can follow through each stage of an Extreme Heat emergency:
Heat is the number one weather-related killer in the United States, resulting in hundreds of fatalities each year. Conditions involving high air temperatures, radiant heat sources, high humidity, direct physical contact with hot objects, or strenuous physical activities have a high potential for causing heat-related illness. Other conditions that contribute to heat-related illnesses include stagnant atmospheric conditions and poor air quality.
People suffer heat-related illness when their bodies are unable to compensate and properly cool themselves. The body normally cools itself by sweating. But under some conditions, sweating just isn't enough. In such cases, a person's body temperature rises rapidly. Very high body temperatures may damage the brain or other vital organs.
Excessive heat events (EHEs) are a public health threat because they often increase the number of daily deaths within distinct groups within the population. Generally, it is those who are older, very young, or poor, or have physical challenges or mental impairments, are at elevated risk for experiencing EHE-attributable health problems.