Avalanches – Notable

Date Location Event
1910 March Washington-British Columbia Two avalanches occurred in the Cascade and Selkirk Mountain ranges; On March 1 the Wellington avalanche killed 96 in Washington State, United States. Three days later 62 railroad workers were killed in the Rogers Pass avalanche in British Columbia, Canada.
1916 Austrian-Italian Alps During World War I, an estimated 40,000 to 80,000 soldiers died as a result of avalanches during the mountain campaign in the Alps at the Austrian-Italian front, many of which were caused by artillery fire. Some 10,000 men, from both sides, lost their lives in avalanches.
1950-51 Alps in Austria, France, Switzerland, Italy and German In the northern hemisphere winter of 1950–1951 approximately 649 avalanches were recorded in a three-month period throughout the Alps in Austria, France, Switzerland, Italy and Germany. This series of avalanches killed around 265 humans and was termed the Winter of Terror.
1990 Kyrgyzstan A mountain climbing camp on Lenin Peak, in what is now Kyrgyzstan, was wiped out in 1990 when an earthquake triggered a large avalanche that overran the camp and killed 43 climbers.
1993 Turkey In the Bayburt Üzengili avalanche killed 60 individuals in Üzengili in the province of Bayburt, Turkey.
1999 France A large avalanche in Montroc, France, in 1999, 300,000 cubic meters of snow slid on a 30° slope, achieving a speed of 100 km/h (60 mph). It killed 12 people in their chalets under 100,000 tons of snow, 5 meters (15 ft) deep. The mayor of Chamonix was convicted of second-degree murder for not evacuating the area, but received a suspended sentence.
1999 Austria The small Austrian village of Galtür was hit by the Galtür avalanche in 1999. The village was thought to be in a safe zone but the avalanche was exceptionally large and flowed into the village killing 31 people.
2012 April Himalayas An avalanche in the Siachen glacier in the Himalaya mountains buried at least 124 Pakistani soldiers and 11 civilians.
2012 September Himalayas An avalanche on Manaslu, in the Himalaya mountains, overwhelmed camp 3, early in morning of September 23, 2012 killing 11 climbers, and skiers.
2014 April Himalayas An avalanche hit a Mount Everest Base Camp on the most popular route to the mountain’s peak about 6:45am local time on Friday, April 18, 2014, killing at least 17, mostly Sherpa guides, while injuring many others.