Table: Engineering Incidents - Notable
|Date||Location||Event - Location - Description|
|27AD||Fidanae, Roman Empire||
Fidenae Ampitheathre Collapse
|140AD||Rome, Italia, Roman Empire||
Upper-Tier Collapse of the Circus Maximus
Church of the Company Fire
|1912||North Atlantic Ocean||
|1917||Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada||Halifax Explosion
On December 6, 1917, the SS Mont-Blanc, a French cargo ship fully loaded with wartime explosives, was destroyed by a fire on board causing a cataclysmic explosion that devastated the Richmond District of Halifax. Approximately 2,000 people were killed by debris, fires, and collapsed buildings, and it is estimated that nearly 9,000 others were injured.
|1942||Benxi, Liaoning, China||Benxihu Colliery
On April 26, 1942, a gas and coal-dust explosion in the mine killed 1,549, 34% of the miners working that day, making it the worst disaster in the history of coal mining and the second worst recorded industrial accident.
|1975||Zhumadian City, Henan Province, China||Banqiao Dam Collapse
In August 1975, torrential rains from Typhoon Nina, caused 62 smaller dams upstream to break resulted in high water and the eventual catastrophic failure of the Banqiao Dam. Evacuation orders could not be delivered in time due to communications failures, resulting in approximately 26,000 people that died as a result of the initial flood with up to 145,000 succumbing to subsequent epidemic and famine. 11,000,000 people were affected by the disaster.
|1977||Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain||Tenerife Airport Disaster
The Tenerife airport disaster was a fatal collision between two Boeing 747 passenger aircraft which occurred on Sunday, March 27, 1977, on the runway of Los Rodeos Airport, on the Spanish island of Tenerife, one of the Canary Islands. With a total of 583 fatalities, the crash is the deadliest accident in aviation history.
|1984||Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India||
|1986||over Cape Canaveral, Florida||
Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster
|1987||Dumali Point, Philippines||MV Doña Paz
On December 20, 1987, a Philippine-registered passenger ferry, the MV Doña Paz sank after colliding with the oil tanker, MT Vector. With an estimated death toll of 4,386 people, the collision resulted in the deadliest peacetime maritime disaster in history.
|2003||over Texas and Louisiana|| Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster
The Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-107) disaster occurred on February 1, 2003, when Columbia disintegrated over Texas and Louisiana as it reentered Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven crew members. During the launch, a piece of foam insulation broke off from the Space Shuttle external tank and struck the left wing. When the Shuttle reentered the atmosphere of Earth, the damage allowed hot atmospheric gases to penetrate and destroy the internal wing structure, which caused the spacecraft to become unstable and slowly break apart.
|2004||Peraliya, Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka||Sri Lanka Tsunami-Rail Disaster
The 2004 Sri Lanka tsunami-rail disaster was a rail disaster with the highest count of deaths in history. It occurred when an overcrowded passenger train was destroyed on a coastal railway in Sri Lanka by the tsunami which followed the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake, and resulted in the greatest loss of life in railroad history. More than 1,700 people died, much higher than the previous rail disaster with most fatalities, the Bihar train disaster in India in 1981 that killed between 500-800.
|2013||Savar Upazila, Dhaka District, Bangladesh||
Savar Building Collapse