What is a Natural Hazard and a Natural Disaster?


A natural hazard can be defined as:

a threat of a naturally occurring event (flood, tornado, hurricane, volcanic eruption, earthquake, heat-wave, landslide, etc.) that can have a negative effect on people, property or the environment.

A natural disaster can be defined as:

the devastating effect of a natural hazard that results in financial, environmental and/or human losses.

Example: Natural Hazard and Natural Disaster

An example of the difference between a natural hazard and a natural disaster is that a volcano is a hazard, whereas the 1980 volcanic eruption of Mount St. Helens was a disaster.

Natural Hazard: Volcano[1]
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Natural Disaster: 1980 Eruption
of Mount St. Helens[2]
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