What is a Human-made Hazard and a Human-made Disaster?

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A human-made (or anthropogenic – an effect resulting from human activity) hazard can be defined as:

a threat of human activities (human error, accident, improper work practice, lack of foresight, disregard of safety standards, negligence, corruption, cost cutting, greed, or by simple incompetence – sometimes in combination with the release of hazardous substances and materials) that can have a negative effect on people, property and/or the environment.

A human-made disaster can be defined as:

the devastating effect of a human-made hazard that results in a negative effect on people, property and/or the environment.

Example: Human-made Hazard and Human-made Disaster

An example of the difference between a human-made hazard and a human-made disaster is that oil wells are a hazard, whereas the 2000 M/V Weschester Oil Spill was a disaster.

Human-made Hazard:
Oil Wells[1]
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Human-made Disaster:
2000 M/V Westchester Oil Spill[2]
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