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To assess your vulnerability to the threat of a Winter Storm or Extreme Cold event to your family and property, perform an assessment to determine if you have knowledge of, are prepared and/or have a plan by answering certain questions.
Winter storms can range from a normal snow over a few hours to a blizzard with blinding, wind-driven snow that lasts for several days. Many winter storms bring dangerously low temperatures and, sometimes, strong winds, icing, sleet, and freezing rain. Moreover, serious health problems can result from prolonged exposure to the cold such as hypothermia and frostbite.
A winter storm is an event in which varieties of precipitation are formed that only occur at low temperatures, such as snow or sleet, or a rainstorm where ground temperatures are low enough to allow ice to form (i.e. freezing rain).
Heat is the number one weather-related killer in the United States, resulting in hundreds of fatalities each year. Conditions involving high air temperatures, radiant heat sources, high humidity, direct physical contact with hot objects, or strenuous physical activities have a high potential for causing heat-related illness. Other conditions that contribute to heat-related illnesses include stagnant atmospheric conditions and poor air quality.
People suffer heat-related illness when their bodies are unable to compensate and properly cool themselves. The body normally cools itself by sweating. But under some conditions, sweating just isn't enough. In such cases, a person's body temperature rises rapidly. Very high body temperatures may damage the brain or other vital organs.
When the sun, moon and Earth are aligned, high tidal stress may increase the chances that an earthquake will grow bigger than it otherwise might have been.
Depending on the strength of the winds in the circulation, tropical cyclones are further divided into tropical depressions, tropical storms, and hurricanes. When tropical cyclones reach hurricane strength, they become classified by wind speed.
The main parts of a tropical cyclone are the rainbands, the eye, and the eyewall. Air spirals in toward the center in a counter-clockwise pattern in the northern hemisphere (clockwise in the southern hemisphere), and out the top in the opposite direction.
The largest source region for tsunamis is in the Pacific Ocean with 71% of all occurrences. The remaining occurrences of tsunamis happen in the Mediterranean Sea (15%), Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean (7%), Indian Ocean (6%), and finally the Black Sea (1%). Of all tsunamis, 83% are produced directly by earthquakes.
Levels of earthquake preparedness and disaster resilience determine how vulnerable people are to seismic hazards. In any geographic area, three main factors together determine earthquake hazard vulnerability: the strength and/or duration of the seismic hazard, the proximity of people and property are to the hazard, and the number of people and amount of property that are exposed to the hazard.
The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program is part of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP), established by Congress in 1977. They monitor and report earthquakes, assess earthquake impacts and hazards, and research the causes and effects of earthquake.
A natural hazard can be defined as a threat of a naturally occurring event (flood, tornado, hurricane, volcanic eruption, earthquake, heat-wave, landslide, etc.) that can have a negative effect on people, property or the environment.
According to Ready.gov, 1 in 4 families have not planned for emergencies and only 40% know how to plan. Being prepared, having a plan and understanding what to do is the best protection, is your responsibility and can reduce fear, anxiety and losses that accompany disasters.
Wildfires may begin in the wildland-urban interface or in remote spots where nobody notices them and then spread quickly, igniting brush, trees, and buildings. An increasing number of people are choosing to live in woodland settings, in or near forests, rural areas, or remote mountain sites.